● 观点类（opinion essay）
● 讨论类（discussion essay）
● 优劣势类（advantage and disadvantage essay）
举个栗子：Some people believe that living in big cities is bad for health. Do you agree or disagree?
These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) But some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health. (直接转述题目) Personally, I agree with this idea. (个人观点)
These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) Although some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health, (although +直接转述题目) personally, I do not agree with this idea. (个人观点)
举个栗子：Some people think citizens should be responsible for their own health costs. Others think it is better to have a health care system which provides free health services.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
●答法：People in some countries are paying an increasing amount of money for seeing a doctor, even for a minor illness. (背景句) But, still, some people assert that individuals themselves are supposed to pay for such fees. (一方观点) However, other people disagree and suggest that it is the government’s responsibility to undertake the health costs for its citizens. (另一方观点)
举个栗子：Shopping online is replacing shopping in stores. Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?
●答法：These days, it is common to see that people prefer choosing online shopping to shopping in physical stores. Although some problems would occur as this trend continues, I believe such development brings more benefits.
举个栗子：In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes.Why is this happening?What are the possible solutions to solve this problem?
●答法：These days, it is common to see that the rate of youth crime has been increasing dramatically all over the globe and it is a most worrying issue of modern society.