发表的英文论文,都如何使用连接词?

Assignment God 22

您可以使用一些单字或短词组来连接前后的句子、段落以及章节,藉此引导读者阅读您的文章。妥善运用连接词能使您的文章易于被理解;反之,不良的使用则会使整篇文章缺乏条理,甚至会出现过多零散的短句,使读者难以掌握文章的重点。

了解连接词的最好方法是透过大量的阅读。大部分的教科书及论文都是精心编写而成的,并且运用了许多不同方式来连接句子,建议您在阅读时多留意当中连接词的用法,将之学起来并应用在自己的文章中。在写作时也可以多尝试使用不同的表达方式,尤其是在较长的文章中。不过,请务必要完全了解这些词所代表的意思,错误的使用可能会完全改变您原先想表达的意思。

以下列出了许多连接词及词组,碍于篇幅的关系,仍有许多其他字词未被纳入。
当然,不要忘了最常见的and,它是您在连接两个较短句子的最佳选择。

请注意:被归属同一类别的字词并不代表它们有着相同的意思,它们在句子中的位置也有所不同,您可以透过更多的阅读或查询字典来了解它们的意思及使用方式。

Listing (条列) Giving examples (举例) Generalizing (概括)
first, second, third for example in general
first, furthermore, finally for instance generally
to begin, to conclude as follows: on the whole
next that is as a rule
Reinforcement (加强语气) in this case for the most part
also namely in most cases
furthermore in other words usually
moreover Result/consequence (结果) Highlighting (强调)
what is more so in particular
in addition therefore particularly
besides as a result/consequence especially
above all accordingly mainly
as well (as) consequently Reformulation (换句话说)
in the same way because of this/that in other words
not only … but also thus rather
Similarity (相似) hence to put it more simply
equally for this/that reason Expressing an alternative (表达相反的意思)
likewise so that alternatively
similarly in that case rather
correspondingly under these circumstances on the other hand
in the same way Deduction (推论) the alternative is
Transition to new point (带出新的论点) then another possibility would be
now, in other words Contrast (对比)
as far as x is concerned in that case instead
with regard/reference to otherwise conversely
as for … this implies that … on the contrary
it follows that if so/not in contrast
turning to Stating the obvious (点出某件事实) in comparison
Summary (总结) obviously Concession (转折语气)
in conclusion clearly however
to conclude naturally even though
in brief of course however much
to summarize as can be expected nevertheless
overall surely still
therefore after all yet

以下为某些字词的例句:

加强语气
Driving a motorcycle is cheaper and more convenient than owning a car; furthermore, motorcycles are easier to park.

比较
Hsinchu often has the coldest weather in China in the winter. Conversely, Kaohsiung frequently has the mildest winter temperatures.

结果/后果
Housing prices fell by more than 30% last year. As a result, sales increased by 20%.

概括化
On the whole, his class was well received by students, despite some complaints from new students about grading.

让步/迁就
New York was a very expensive city, the weather was bad and the people weren’t very friendly. Nevertheless, we will probably return.

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